Infertility is inability to conceive at least a year of having intercourse without the use of contraception. There are two categories of infertility: primary and secondary.

Primary infertility refers to couples who have never been conceived.

Secondary infertility refers to couples who have once given birth to one or more children but are no longer able.

Infertility cases are caused by one or both partners. Causes of female infertility include problems with ovulation, physiological and function problems with the reproductive organs such as blockage with the fallopian tube that the sperms cannot enter, and problems with uterus that the embryo cannot survive or attach to the lining of the uterus. Causes of male infertility include problems with the sperm production and delivery. In Oriental medicine, the above mentioned problems can be viewed as problems of the meridian points related to fertility due to anemia, lack of energy or blood coagulation. Therefore, they can be treated with acupuncture and herbal medicine.